Consequences of Cancer

Here are some possible long-term consequences of cancer and its treatment.

Psychological and social consequences

  • Fear of cancer recurrence
  • Fear of future HPV infection
  • Body image issues
  • Lack of confidence
  • Memory/concentration problems
  • Impact on family/friends
  • Financial problems
  • Isolation Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Change of outlook on life
  • Unable to work or continue education
  • Embarrassment or difficulty coping, which can affect relationships, work and day to-day life in many ways


Physical consequences

  • Pain, arthralgia, numbness
  • Scarring
  • Facial or body disfigurement
  • Persistent hair loss
  • Lymphoedema
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Weight loss, weight gain
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Changes in bowel function
  • Bowel or bladder adhesions, strictures, fistulae
  • Stoma
  • Hernia
  • Bleeding from the bowel or bladder
  • Changes in bladder function
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Early menopause
  • Hot flushes


Ref: macmillan

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